Pet Breeds  » Bulldog

Bulldog Facts

  • Weight: 49-51lb.
  • Colors: Red, Fawn & White, Fawn, Brindle & White, Gray Brindle, Red & White
  • Height: 12.2-15.7in.
  • Family Friendly: Very friendly
  • Breed Group: Non-Sporting Group
  • Apartment Friendly: Not apartment friendly
  • Hypoallergenic: Not hypoallergenic
  • Life Expectancy: 7-10 years
  • Exercise Requirement: Low Exercise Requirement
  • Temperament: Docile, Friendly, Willful, Gregarious
Data Source

The Bulldog is one of the most easily recognizable dogs in the world. This animal is one that’s short, wide and compact. He has short legs, a massive head and body, and his skin falls in folds that look a lot like unwanted wrinkles. He has a dark black nose with very pronounced nostrils. His ears are very small, his eyes deep set and his jaws are very large and very broad. What’s most noticeable about these dogs is their severe under bite. Finally, the fur of a bulldog is very short and very smooth – almost glossy. They come in multiple colors, including white, red, fallow, yellow, fawn and piebald. They can even come in a combination of any of the above.

Origin

The phrase bulldog was first discussed in history sometime around 1500, which makes this particular breed of dog one of the oldest in the world. The bulldog hails from England, and it’s a dog that has a very secure place in history. The bull portion of bulldog was used to name this animal because he was originally used to bait bulls. This was a type of sport many centuries ago, and the name stuck. Today, the idea of this type of sport would likely break many laws. Bulls were baited by these dogs and would go on to maim and kill several at a time. People would gather to watch this “sport” for entertainment purposes. Sometimes this was done with bears in place of bulls. Fortunately, the “sport” was made illegal in the mid 1830s.

Temperament

The bulldog has a reputation for being an intimidating dog. He has a very distinct appearance that is not overly friendly but despite his mean appearance, this is one of the gentlest and kindest dogs you will ever encounter. What’s remarkable about this dog is its intensely gentle nature combined with its ability to fiercely protect its loved ones and prevent unwanted strangers from approaching at all costs. It’s a very persistent and stubborn dog, which can mean he gets into a bit of trouble and may even need to be told twice to stop doing something he’s not supposed to be doing. However, he’s very affectionate and very dependable, and the bulldog is wonderful and gentle with small children. It’s a brave and courageous dog and it has good guarding abilities.

Since these dogs can be very dominating, they require a home in which the masters will make it known that they are the ones in charge and not the dog. They’ve very affectionate and loving, and they’re going to want to be close to their humans whenever possible. Bulldogs are good with other pets and with children, and they are very kind to people they do not view as threatening. They have a sixth sense for danger and can easily pick out a person without good intentions, even with no warning. They are good with other animals unless the other animal tries to become the leader in the house, in which case the bulldog will develop a combative nature with the other animal. They are very energetic as puppies but they do relax and calm down significantly as they grow older.

Something to consider about the bulldog is the fact that they are droolers. These are not dogs you want sleeping in your bed as they will leave a puddle of drool in their wake and they snore quite loudly. They’re smart dogs and they’re fairly easy to train, but they do have the distinct nature of a young child who understands the rules but wants to see how far he can test the limits of those rules before he actually stops his inappropriate behavior.

Size

Bulldogs aren’t big dogs, but they’re not small dogs. They’re actually classified as medium dogs. Males and females will grow to about the same height, which is approximately 12 to 16 inches. While it’s normal for them to get a little taller than this, prize bulldogs are usually the shorter dogs. Males will weigh anywhere from 53 to 55 pounds when healthy and females between 49 and 51 pounds when healthy.

Health Issues

Bulldogs have some health conditions you should be aware of before you purchase or adopt one. They are healthy dogs, but many are prone to some issues. Bulldogs are commonly diagnosed with breathing problems, small windpipes, cherry eye and less than perfect eyesight. They’re also likely to suffer from heatstroke in the hot weather, rooms and cars. They’re sensitive to the cold and they are prone to tumors called mast cells. Some have birth defects such as skin infections. They also tend to have issues with flatulence, and hip and knee problems. The bulldog does not do well health-wise when he is introduced to new food and should be kept on the same food for the duration of his life.

Most bulldogs are delivered by a C-Section, which sounds strange but it’s because of the size of their heads. It’s detrimental to the health of the mother, and vets have decided to intervene to keep her healthy and in good condition rather than risk her life for the birth of her babies.

Living Conditions

Bulldogs are fine in any type of home. The size of a home does not bother them in the least, because they are not very active dogs. They are very inactive when they are inside and will typically lie around and nap the day and night away. It’s a good indoor dog, because they don’t do well outdoors for long periods of time. Additionally, the weather is something that bothers them regularly. They are sensitive to both heat and cold, so being inside where the weather is comfortable all year is a much better option for these animals.

Exercise

Despite the fact that the bulldog is not the most active dog around, it does need to go for at least a daily walk. They do require exercise to stay in shape and to get them out of the house to migrate. These dogs are going to suffer from behavioral issues if they are not taken out for a walk to stretch their legs at least once a day. They’re lazier than other dogs, and certainly not as interested as other dogs in busy activities, but they are strong and fit dogs that do want to get out and move. They’re not great for jogging or running, but a neighborhood walk in the morning or evening will suffice to keep this dog from acting out or becoming too sedentary.

Life Expectancy

If you choose to get a bulldog, don’t expect to have him as long as you might another breed. These dogs live approximately 8 years. Some might live a bit longer than this, but it’s not likely in many situations. Others have health issues that cause them to live a shorter life, but 8 years is a good rule of thumb for dogs that are healthy and well taken care of.

Grooming

These dogs do shed, but not too much. Their shorter coat makes their shedding a bit minimal, but it isn’t going to bother you too much because it’s short. However, it will bother anyone with allergies. They should be brushed every few days with a brush that has firm bristles. This will help to minimize shedding and keep the coat clean. They are prone to skin infections, so frequent baths are not a good idea. The face of a bulldog should be wiped every evening with a damp cloth. The folds of the bulldog’s skin become very dirty and can form bacteria if not cleaned daily.

Recognition

CKC
FCI
AKC
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APRI
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ACA

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