Can Dogs Eat Brussel Sprouts?

Brussels Sprouts

Dogs are like family members, and we want to make sure that they are eating healthy just like the rest of us. But what about Brussel sprouts? Can dogs eat Brussel sprouts? The answer may surprise you. In this blog post, we will discuss the nutritional value of Brussel sprouts and whether or not dogs can benefit from eating them. We will also provide some recipes for dog owners who would like to give their furry friends a taste of this nutritious vegetable.

What is Brussels sprout?

The Brussels sprout is a member of the Brassica oleracea family, which also includes cabbage, kale, and broccoli. The sprouts grow in clusters on a stalk and are typically green, although some varieties can be purple or yellow. Brussels sprouts are a cool-weather crop and are typically in season from October to March. Brussels sprouts are a good source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin K, folate, and manganese. They are also a good source of fiber and protein. Brussels sprouts contain just two grams of fiber 28 calories in a half-cup serving. That makes it a low-calorie, nutrient-dense food for a dog.

Dietary Fiber

Brussels has a dietary fiber that helps with bowel movements and also helps to control blood sugar levels. According to Prrrs & Wags, insoluble fiber does not dissolve in water, so it helps add bulk to stool and prevents constipation. As it travels through, it pulls off all the other waste along with it thus reducing the incidence of diarrhea.

Vitamin K

Just like humans, dogs need vitamin K for proper blood clotting. A Brussels sprout is an excellent source of this essential nutrient. Vitamin K helps in regulating blood calcium levels thus reducing the risk of heart diseases as well as aiding in the circulation of oxygen in the body. It also helps to prevent bone loss and keep your dog’s bones healthy.

Vitamins B1 and B6

Brussels sprouts are an excellent source of vitamin B, especially vitamins B11 and B16. These vitamins are vital as they boost the metabolism and help in releasing energy from foods. In addition to that, they help in new cell generation and support the nervous system of your dog.


Brussels sprouts are rich in antioxidants, which can help protect your dog’s cells from damage. They also provide some critical age-related and cognitive benefits that can help keep your dog healthy as they age.

  • Vitamin C, vitamin A, sulforaphane, Kaempferol, and folate: According to Rover, these are potent antioxidants that can help improve your pup’s health in many ways. For example, they can help boost their immune system, fight inflammation, and even protect against cancer.
  • Kaempferol: It helps to protect cells and reduce inflammation. It’s also been shown to fight cancer cells, making it a potential powerhouse when it comes to preventing disease.
  • Folate: This nutrient is important for cell growth and tissue repair. It can also help to prevent birth defects, making it an important part of a pregnant dog’s diet.
  • Isothiocyanates: These are phytonutrients that have been shown to fight cancer. They’re also thought to help improve liver function and detoxify the body.
  • Minerals: Minerals like manganese, calcium, and potassium are found in Brussels sprouts. Their main role is to keep your pup’s bones healthy and strong, but they also play a part in keeping their nervous system functioning properly. If your dog isn’t getting enough minerals in their diet, they could end up with health problems like joint pain, muscle weakness, and seizures.

Possible side effects

Although Brussels sprouts are generally safe for dogs to eat, there are a few possible side effects that owners should be aware of. They include;

  • Diarrhea: Some dogs may experience gas or diarrhea after eating Brussels sprouts. If this occurs, it is best to stop feeding Brussels sprouts to your dog. This is because Brussels sprouts contain a lot of fiber, which can be difficult for some dogs to digest. According to America Kennel Club, the Brussels sprouts contain isothiocyanates, which are compounds that can cause gastrointestinal irritation in dogs. If your dog experiences diarrhea after eating Brussels sprouts, it is best to consult with your veterinarian.
  • Vomiting: Another possible side effect of feeding Brussels sprouts to dogs is vomiting. This is most likely to happen if your dog eats too many at once or if they’re not used to eating them. In case your dog does vomit after eating Brussels sprouts, don’t worry. Just make sure they drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.

Additionally, Brussels sprouts contain a compound called phytonutrients that help intestinal muscles that push food and waste through the digestive tract. However, they also help in building excess bacteria (tiny organisms) that help in the fermentation process of digestion. These organisms build up a lot of gas which can cause your dog to feel bloated and uncomfortable. If you have a small dog, this can be particularly dangerous as their stomachs are much smaller and they can easily become bloated. If you do decide to feed your dog Brussels sprouts, make sure to cook them first. Raw sprouts contain more of the compounds that can cause gas build-up. Cooking them will help to break down these compounds and make them more digestible for your dog.

How to serve Brussels sprouts to your dog?

The first thing you need to do is check with your veterinarian right before you proceed to introduce any new food to your dog’s diet, and that includes Brussels sprouts. If you get the go-ahead from your vet, then there are a couple of ways you can serve Brussels sprouts to your pup. When choosing Brussels sprouts, make sure you pick green sprouts that are firm to the touch. Avoid yellow or brown sprouts, as these may be past their prime. Old sprouts also cause waterly stools thus, you should also avoid giving your dog Brussels sprouts that are wilted. The ideal Brussels sprouts preparation for your dog is to microwave, boil or steam them. Do not add any seasoning or salt to the water. Steaming or boiling Brussels sprouts will help retain their nutrients. Microwaving is the quickest way to cook Brussels sprouts, but it may cause them to lose some of their nutrients. It is worth noting that frozen brussels sprouts may chock your dog.


As you can see, Brussel Sprouts are safe for dogs. All you need to do is ensure that you have prepared them correctly. When in doubt, always consult with your veterinarian to be on the safe side. They are nutritionally dense and make a great addition to your dog’s diet.

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