If your dog is a sled dog racing over icy terrain, a weekend warrior chasing balls, or any other kind of canine athlete, there’s a chance that your pal will overdo it. Since now more than ever we include our dogs in our sports activities and exercise routines, there is a higher risk of physical injury. Experts say that strained muscles and tender paw pads are common minor injuries, while more significant hurt can include shoulder instability, back problems and a ruptured anterior cruciate ligament (similar to the knee injury that plagues human athletes).
So how can you tell if your dog’s sports-related injury is treatable at home with some TLC, or if it needs immediate veterinary care? Minor injuries for homecare include:
- Tender pads Rest is likely in order. Try to keep your dog off rough, irritating surfaces for a while so that its pads will get a chance to heal.
- Soreness or stiffness If your dog simply seems a bit sore or stiff, rest again might be the ticket. Ice can offer some relief, if you’re patient enough to sit with your dog for about 15 minutes. Dampen the area you’re icing and apply a thin, damp towel warmed with slightly heated water, instructs Paulekas. Then apply the cold pack. Wrap it with an insulating towel for compression. Pet and reassure your dog, offering the occasional treat. Allow your dog to rest easy for the next few days so that it may recover.
Pay special attention (and keep your veterinarian’s phone number handy) if you notice your dog:
- Refusing to bear weight If your dog can’t hold weight on a leg or is continually lifting up a paw, it’s best to see your veterinarian, as this could indicate a ligament tear or other damage to a leg.
- Continuing to limp or cry Dr. Becky Paulekas, a Garden City, Idaho, veterinarian with canine rehabilitation expertise suggests visiting your veterinarian if, after several hours, your dog is still noticeably lame or cries when you touch an injured part of its anatomy. Continued lameness could mean damage to a joint or another serious problem, rather than just a bruise or muscle soreness.
- Bobbing head Shoulder injuries can be subtle. If you notice your dog bobbing its head or moving its shoulder excessively, visit your veterinarian. Affected dogs might also not lift their paws up much when they walk.
Knowing your pet well and being observant about its health and personality are the best defense against sports injuries, says Paulekas. For example, your dog might be so eager to earn your favor that it will keep fetching a stick over and over, ignoring a muscle strain or exhaustion. “The dog wants to please you,” Paulekas says. “The dog has no concept of being sore the next day.”
It can help to research what sorts of activities your dog’s breed was originally intended to perform, says Seth Chodosh, founder of Running Paws, a Manhattan-based dog-jogging service and canine athletic club. After all, a tiny Pomeranian isn’t likely to make a good jogging partner, and an energetic Border collie probably won’t enjoy sedate, leisurely walks around the block.
Without a doubt, exercise and physical activity are enjoyable, important components of your dog’s life. But it’s up to you to understand your furry friend’s limits and to recognize when your dog has overdone it. Dogs are generally more durable than people, says Chodosh. He adds, “The most important part to remember is an injury can happen to any dog, from a Chihuahua to a Great Dane.’’
It’s best to avoid these injuries in the first place, since they can affect your pup for life. Here are some factors that could place your dog at risk for a sports-related injury:
- Your dog’s weight “One of the biggest risk factors I see is obesity,” says Jennifer Hill, canine physical therapist in Helena, Mont. “That extra poundage just puts so much more stress and strain on joints.” Activities that involve sharp turns and jumping could especially add to that strain.
- Your dog’s age Activities involving jumping or running might place too much strain on a dog suffering from arthritis, which can develop as your dog gets older.
- Your dog’s confirmation Your dog’s build can predispose it to certain types of injuries. Dogs with large frames and slender legs, such as English bulldogs and pit bull mixes, are at risk for ligament tears and other leg injuries, says Chodosh. Dogs with long backs, such as Corgis and Dachshunds, have a predisposition to spinal injuries. For these dogs, simply jumping up onto a couch might cause a back injury, adds Hill.
- Your dog’s conditioning You can’t turn your couch potato puppy into a distance runner overnight, although your dog likely can build endurance faster than you would, says Chodosh. If your dog isn’t in the best of shape, it’s not a good idea to suddenly start intense exercise. The same holds true for us humans. For example, do you remember your aching muscles after a weekend of softball, tennis or golf that you weren’t quite in shape for? It works the same for your dog. Hill says weekend exercise often poses problems because “the dog puts his heart into it, goes and goes and goes and ends up paying for it that evening.”
You can also read:
- Dog Blood Banks Save Canine Lives
- What to Do About Your Dog’s Aching Back
- American Red Cross info on Doggy 911
- Examining the Safety of Flea and Tick Control Products
- How to Go Green for your Dog’s Health
Kim Boatman is a journalist based in Northern California. She is also the managing editor of ExceptionalCanine.com. Boatman’s work has appeared in The Miami Herald, the Detroit Free Press and the San Jose Mercury News. She is a lifelong lover of animals, and a frequent contributor to The Dog Daily.